Victor Galeano


María Magdalena Arréllaga




What does climate change look like? Explore this photo feature about some of its impacts in four Latin American countries (Peru, Brazil, Chile and Colombia).


For years, we have associated climate change with the increase in the Earth’s temperature. However, there is much more to it than that.
To summarize: the severe and alarming decline of the planet’s biodiversity, which is also the increasingly accelerated decline of life expectancy on Earth.
Over the past 50 years, the world’s climate has been altered by human activities, especially the consumption of fossil fuels, which have released so much CO2 and other greenhouse gases that they have altered the lower layers of the atmosphere.
The Earth’s temperature is now 1.1 °C higher than at the end of the 19th century. And the last decade (2011-2020) has been the hottest season so far in recorded history.
In 2020, more than 80% of the ocean experienced at least one marine heat wave (MHW), affecting the marine ecosystem and the communities that depend on it. Another effect of increased CO2 concentration is ocean acidification, which also threatens the ecosystem, the food security and economic livelihood of communities throughout the world. Imagen de fondo: Cuiabá, Brazil / Pantanal (Porto Jofre) 251 km away.
Rising sea levels and increasingly severe weather events, for example, endanger more than half of the world’s population living within 60 km of the sea. It is also estimated that by the end of the 21st century, climate change will increase the frequency and intensity of droughts across the world.
Over the last three decades, glaciers have been losing 335 billion tons of ice per year (equivalent to 30% of the current rate of sea level rise). Arctic surface air temperatures have risen at least two times faster than the global average since the mid-1980s.
Subsequently, the Antarctic ice sheet has shown an intense mass loss trend. Eight out of the ten most negative mass balance years were recorded after 2010.

Refugees, immigrants, women, internally displaced, racialized, and impoverished people are often identified as among the most vulnerable communities to climate-related hazards and climate change. In the last decade (2010-2019), weather-related events such as storms and droughts triggered an estimated average of 23.1 million displacements of people each year. 

More than 50 million people were doubly affected by weather-related disasters (floods, droughts, and storms) in the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020,. and between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause 250,000 deaths per year from heat stress, malnutrition, malaria and diarrhea.
The rise in global food insecurity is caused, in addition to conflicts and economic slowdown, by climate variability and extreme weather events.
Rising temperatures and rainfall variability threaten staple food production, especially in the poorest regions, and are expected to increase the prevalence of malnutrition and undernutrition, which currently contribute to 3.1 million deaths per year. Furthermore, food insecurity is estimated to worsen by 2030.

Director – Victor Galeano
Executive producer – Laura Sofía Mejía López
Field producers – Johanna Salazar / Nathaly Hurtado
Photographers – Ángela Ponce / María Magdalena Arréllaga
Victor Galeano / Esteban Vanegas
Graphic designer – Sebastián López Ubaque
Web developer – Steven Hernández Clavijo
Data tracking and verification – Natalia Barriga
Digital communication strategy – Angie Salazar / Natalia Barriga
María Fernanda Corredor
A project by Baudó Agencia Pública
Copyright All rights reserved Ⓒ

Published on 13 September 2022

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